Theme 4. Rehabilitation
We design and use various rehabilitation procedures, evaluate their effects on cognition, balance, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and quality of life and we analyze the underlying cerebral mechanisms.
- Rehabilitation of working memory and attentional control
In recent studies we found a transfer of benefits from cognitive training to balance function, in the elderly.
What are the cognitive mechanisms by which executive functions participate in postural control?
- Cognitive and sensory rehabilitation
What are the differential effects of rehabiliatation on cognition, balance, or both?
What are the underlying mechanisms of action?
Our holistic rehabilitation program trains cognitive domains such as memory, attention, and executive functions, based on problem solving and customized scenarios, relaxation, and mindfulness training (developing sensory and mental attention).
We aim to:
- Identify the processes involved in cognitive function recovery.
- Characterize the anatomical and physiological substrates (using MRI, fMRI, and EEG) underlying recovery.
- Determine the physiological indicators of recovery of mental fatigue in healthy adults and traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients.
- Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy mechanisms
The objective of our research is to study the brain mechanisms involved in the reduction of stress and anxiety in healthy subjects and in PTSD.
By working with military personnel who have developed PTSD that we treat with eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy, we can track brain mechanisms during therapy using 64 electrode electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings.
With the help of virtual reality coupling to relive war scenes and brain PET scans, metabolic response in stress situations, particularly at the amygdala and prefrontal cortex, will be evaluated in PTSD before and after EMDR treatment.
The clinical efficacy of neurofeedback on PTSD will be evaluated. We will also study the mechanisms involved in the efficacy of neurofeedback to reduce anxiety in healthy subjects and establish the neurophysiological correlates of this effect.